Citrine is a form of quartz. The name is derived from the French word Citron meaning lemon due to its citrus yellow hues. It is a popular gemstone choice for all types of jewellery including rings, pendants and earrings. Citrine is also contemporary birthstone for November. It is more affordable and available than imperial topaz, which is considered November's traditional birthstone.
Citrine is most commonly pale yellow to golden orange, which is due to the presence of iron. Naturally golden citrine is very rare and expensive, therefore most citrine is heat treated to obtain a beautiful golden colour.
Citrine is a hard, durable gemstone, however to avoid damage or scratching to other jewellery, it should be stored separately in a soft clothed pouch. To clean your citrine jewellery use warm soapy water. Avoid extreme temperatures and direct sunlight where possible as this can effect the colour of the gemstone.
The largest deposits of citrine are found in Brazil although it can also be sourced from Argentina, Bolivia, France, Madagascar and Russia.