H.Samuel Glossary of terms
- Characteristics by which a diamond is graded and categorised.
The 4C's are: Cut, Clarity, Colour and Carat Weight.
- Made from fossilised tree resin, Amber is known for its
unique translucent colour, ranging in shade from honey-yellow to
orange and brown.
- Alarm clocks can be analogue or digital and made from a
variety of materials. They are normal clocks that can be used to set
alarms to wake you up or to be used as reminders.
- A metal used in the manufacture of watches and jewellery.
- A transparent precious gemstone, pale violet to purple in
colour and a member of the quartz family.
- A special day that commemorates and celebrates a past event
that occurs on the same day every year, such as a wedding or
- A transparent gemstone that is light blue or sea green in
colour and belongs to the beryl family of gemstones.
- A type of stone cut into a long rectangular shape and has a
distinctly vintage feel most often found with diamonds.
- A watch with a decorative strap that resembles a bangle.
Bangle watches can be delicate and simple or ornate and jewelled.
- A circular jewellery item worn around the wrist, often made
from stiff metal and available in a variety of widths and colours.
- A modern watch feature that measures pressure in the
atmosphere and can detect changes in the weather. Particularly
popular in sport watches.
- A battery is the power cell used to run watches. Sometimes
they can be recharged by mechanisms such as Kinetic or Eco Drive.
- Small ornamental objects, usually round, with a hole through
the middle for stringing into a necklace, bracelet or other jewellery
item. May be made from a range of materials, including glass, stone,
ceramic, wood and plastic.
- A slightly curved bar with a bead on one or both ends, worn
on the navel as a belly piercing. Also known as barbell style
- A bezel is the rim which encompasses and fastens a jewel,
watch crystal, lens or other object.
- A layer of gold which is mechanically fused on sterling
- A chain made up of square links that connect to form a
smooth, box-shaped pattern.
- Decorative jewellery most commonly used for body piercings.
Body jewellery may come in stud or barbell style and can be either
simple or decorative.
- A watch with a strap made from separate, flexible metallic or
plastic links, like an ornamental bracelet. Links may be added or
removed to adjust the watch size.
- A circular flexible band worn around the wrist, which may be
made from beads, links or charms which can always be attached
- When a couple gets married it is traditional for the wedding
guests to buy them gifts to celebrate their wedding. Sometimes the
happy couple will also buy gifts for their wedding party called
- Your bridal party are the most important people at your
wedding (apart from the bride and groom!) They will hopefully support
you during the planning process and make sure everything runs
smoothly on the big day, so it’s important to choose people you can
trust and that they know exactly what’s expected of them.
- A matched set of two or more rings - an engagement ring and
wedding ring(s) - made to look like one item of jewellery, which fits
together for ultimate comfort.
- A decorative pin that may be fastened to a garment or jacket
as a special accessory.
- Brooches are decorative items of jewellery for women. Crafted
from a wide variety of materials, brooches are pinned to a wearers
- A buckle is a standard watch fastener, usually made from
metal and attached to a watch strap with a spring bar.
- A document offering guidance on how to make your purchase -
for example, on buying a wedding or engagement ring, or on
differentiating between different types of gold.
- A carat measures the weight of a diamond. Written as CT and
each carat is divided into 100 points e.g. 0.50 points = 0.50CT.
- Carats identify how much pure gold can be found in one item
of jewellery - for example, 24K (carat) gold is pure gold 9kt gold is
375 parts per 1000 gold with 625 parts made up of other mixed metals.
- An inorganic, non-metallic solid used to create decorative
wares and figurines.
- A jewellery brand specialising in customisable, personalised
pieces and handcrafted beads made from Italian Murano glass, coloured
stones, gold and sterling silver.
- A unique bracelet decorated with personalised pendants, or
charms, expressing everything from the wearer's style to interests.
- Small beads or pendants made from gold, sterling silver,
glass or coloured stones, each with their own special significance,
combined to personalise necklaces, watches or bracelets.
- China is another name for porcelain which is created,
usually, from clay in very hot ovens called kilns.
- A Christian baptism ceremony where family and friends come
together to celebrate the arrival of a new baby, often marked with
special gifts, such as jewellery, and a blessing.
- Christening gifts are gift given to the child and parents
when a child is Christened. Traditional gifts include silver spoons
and pewter drinking mugs, although these days any gift is acceptable.
- A chronograph watch is one that has a stopwatch function and
can accurately measure intervals of time, even fractions of a second.
Chronographs can be mechanical, automatic or quartz.
- A civil registrar ceremony is a non-religious legal marriage
ceremony performed by a government official or functionary. In the
UK, this person is normally called a registrar. In the UK, a civil
registrar ceremony cannot include hymns, religious readings or
prayers, and the marriage must take place at a registered or licensed
venue to be legally valid. Many private premises are licensed to hold
civil ceremonies. As well as each party to the marriage signing the
register, signatures of two witnesses are also required.
- A traditional Irish ring given to signify love, marriage or
friendship, originating from the fishing village of Claddagh near
- Indicates the number of internal flaws (inclusions) within a
- A clock is a timepiece that is wall mounted or stands up and
can be placed on a sideboard, mantel piece or table.
- A setting in which one large gem stone is surrounded by
several smaller stones or pearls, often found on rings , pendants and
- A hard metal with a lustrous silver or grey colour that is
often compared to platinum. Highly scratch resistant and does not
chip, ideal for jewellery.
- Coins are collectible if they are Limited Edition, rare or
exclusive releases. Often used to celebrate special occasion.
- An object or figure regarded as being of value to a
collector, or suitable to be given as a gift. Often Limited Edition
or exclusive. May mark a special occasion, like an anniversary or
- A scale devised to regulate the colour of diamonds, which
ranges from D, E and F (colourless) to S-Z (light yellow).
- Costume jewellery was originally intended to be affordable
jewellery that was worn with specific outfits to match the fashions
of the time.
Shape Wedding Rings
- Wedding rings shaped so that they are rounded on the inside
and on the outside.
- The crown was the name of the watch part on a hand watch that
was turned to wind it up. It now mostly used to start stopwatches or
reset the time.
- A cross-shaped pendant traditionally worn on a necklace
chain, sometimes indicating religious devotion or affiliation.
Sometimes embellished with the figure of Jesus.
- Is a man made stone and has a higher density and purity than
glass, often used in jewellery and figures.
- A popular synthetic gemstone used in all kinds of jewellery
with the look and feel of a diamond, though considerably less
- A stylish and contemporary watch style that may be slipped on
to the wrist or fastened with a traditional buckle.
- A traditional men's jewellery item that fastens the
buttonholes on a long-sleeved shirt, and may be plain button-like
objects or decorative.
- Pearls are produced by oysters. Cultured pearls are still
authentic pearls, however humans assist in the process by implanting
the 'irritant' (a 'Mother-of-Pearl') into the oyster causing the
pearl sac to form and eventually a pearl is created.
- A classic chain style with inter-locking links available in a
variety of widths.
- May refer to both the shape and quality of a diamond. Popular
cuts include brilliant round diamond, cushion diamond and princess
- A mechanism on a watch which tells the wearer what day of the
week it is.
- A dial is the face of a watch which hold the watch hands,
date function and numbers for telling the time.
- An elegant precious stone. A popular stone for engagement
rings, diamonds are often used as a symbol of love and devotion.
- Diamond-adorned jewellery, which may take the form of studs,
hoops or drop earrings.
- A circular band worn around the finger with a diamond set in
the centre or around the circumference, usually worn by women as a
wedding or engagement ring.
- Founded on October 16, 1923, by Walt and Roy Disney as the
Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio, Walt Disney Productions established
itself as a leader in the American animation industry before
diversifying into live-action film production, television, and
- A flat, rectangular pendant attached to a necklace chain and
sometimes engraved with personal details i.e. name, inspired by dog
tags issued to soldiers for identification.
- A traditional style of wedding ring that is flat on the
inside but rounded on the outside.
- Earrings come in a variety of styles including studs and
hoops, and are made with both precious metals and gemstones.
- Eco Drive is a watch mechanism invented by Citizen that uses
all light sources to charge the battery allowing for a longer battery
- A precious stone which is green in colour, can be transparent
to cloudy in appearance and belongs to the beryl family of gemstones.
- A proposal to marry or the period between a proposal and a
wedding, often marked by a diamond engagement ring or other item of
jewellery as a token of commitment.
- A special ring that symbolises the love and lasting
commitment between a couple. Traditionally the man proposes to the
woman, but in recent years we have seen an increase in women
proposing to men.
- A personalised inscription such as a name, short message or
important date is engraved onto an item of jewellery, watch or gift.
- A ring given to symbolise eternal love, usually made from a
precious metal and set with gemstones.
- A watch bracelet which is designed to expand and slip over
the hand onto the wrist with no need for a clasp.
- An old fashioned pocket watch mounted on a short strap rather
than a long chain.
- Photo frames are used to hold and protect photos. Sometimes
decorative they can be made from a wide variety of materials.
- A pearl harvested from a freshwater mollusc, which is
generally more affordable than pearls harvested from oysters which
live in seawater
- A precious stone made from a mineral that is known to be
rare, valuable and beautiful in appearance and is often set in
jewellery. Popular gemstones include diamond, emerald, sapphire and
- A card or voucher of monetary value purchased from a
retailer, which can be exchanged for items from that store.
- Murano glass is produced on the Venetian island of murano. It
comes in many beautiful colours, shapes, and sizes.
- A bright, soft precious metal popular in jewellery of all
kinds that is measured in carats and well-known for its malleable and
- A practice by which gold is bought, often in the form of
jewellery, and exchanged for a cash value dependent on the current
- Jewellery worn through ear piercings, which may be made from
pure gold or an alloy, and can be found in a range of shapes and
- A base metal with a thin-layer of gold applied to the
surface, which may be marked "gold-plated."
- A watch whose face and/or strap is composed wholly or partly
of gold or gold-plated materials.
- A style of chain that is formed together by v shapes links.
The thin herringbone strands may be twisted or even plaited together
to create a different look, that lies flat against the skin.
- A small, pocket-sized flask used for storing distilled
spirits. Traditionally made from silver or pewter and may be
- A precious metal that has been moulded into a rectangular
block shape, stamped with hallmark and usually worn as a pendant.
- Jewellery, usually a pendant or a ring, that has been
engraved or shaped to be a letter.
- Jewellery boxes are crafted in a wide variety of materials
and allow you to store your jewellery safely and to protect it from
tarnishing or damage.
- Two or more pieces of matching jewellery that are sold
together and can be worn together - for example, a set of earrings
and a necklace.
- The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) is designed
to certify the origins of diamonds and establish whether they are
attached to conflicts related to diamond production.
- Kinetic is a watch mechanism invented by Seiko that uses the
wearers motion to charge the battery allowing for a longer battery
- A wrist-watch with a leather strap, usually fastened by a
- A chain made from connected metal links, designed to be worn
around the neck or wrist - for example, a smooth box chain or flat
- A pendant worn around the neck that can be opened and often
contains miniature photographs, inscriptions or keepsakes.
- A style of cut used for gemstones, having a boat shaped
profile with two pointed ends.
- An identification tag shaped like jewellery that makes
medical personnel aware of an important condition or illness suffered
from by the wearer.
chains and bracelets
- Jewellery worn by men around the neck or wrist.
- Men's engagement rings can be used for a woman to propose to
her man, or to signify that a man is engaged. Men's engagement rings
are growing in popularity and are sometimes called Mengagement rings.
- This is composed of several elements that are heat treated to
create an unusual hardness that aids in resisting scratches.
- Great gifts for children, money boxes can come in a huge
variety of shapes and sizes and often feature favourite cartoon
characters and images.
- A watch dial that features a moonphase calendar indicating
the current moon phase.
- The shiny iridescent coating from the inside of oyster
shells, used to coat jewellery, buttons, decorative plates and other
- A watch that has a number of sub-dials on the main dial.
Mostly used for day, date, stopwatch and seconds.
- A chain worn around the neck, with or without an attached
pendant. Available in a range of sizes, from tight-fitting chokers to
long, dangling rope necklaces.
- A semi-precious stone usually pearl or blue-ish in colour,
which may sometimes appear luminous. The Opal is the birthstone for
the month of October.
- Part of the platinum family. A durable light-grey metal used
in the production of jewellery and which is related to platinum.
Palladium is particularly popular as a metal for wedding rings.
- Organic gemstones grown naturally in oysters and some other
molluscs (like mussels). Cultured pearls, freshwater pearls and
natural pearls are all used in jewellery. Amongst the oldest of gems,
the pearl is unique as the only gem created by a living creature; it
also requires no polishing to reveal its beauty.
- A necklace made entirely out of pearls strung together on a
string or a chain, which may be a short choker or a long chain that
needs to be wound around the neck several times.
- An ornament that hangs from a necklace which may be detached
and reattached to a chain.
- Is a watch mechanism that allows the watch to display the
correct date taking into account months with 30, 31 and 28 days and
- Pens are used for writing and can be fountain pens, ball
point or felt tip.
- Jewellery that is custom-made or custom engraved to include a
person's name, initials, medical conditions or a message of love, and
reflect the wearer's unique style.
- A metal alloy usually composed of a mix of tin, antimony
lead, bismuth, copper and silver, which has a silvery shine when
polished and is used in making jewellery and tankards.
- Photo albums are used to safely store and protect your
favourite photographs and to put them in the order that you want for
- A strong precious metal that is white in colour, produces
hard-wearing, sturdy jewellery and is heavier than gold.
- Jewellery which is covered by a thin sheet of platinum, by
the process known as electro plating.
- A watch attached to a long chain that is usually kept in a
pocket and was widespread until the wristwatch became popular after
World War I.
- A delicate material made from fine clay that has been fired
in a kiln up to 2000 F (1093 C) and covered with an ornate glass
glaze. Often used to make special collectables and figurines.
- A rare material that is formed naturally within the earth and
is of high monetary value - for example, gold, silver and platinum.
- A square cut stone and a popular shape for diamonds, also
known as a Quadrillion or Squarillion cut.
- It derives from the Scottish Gaelic cuach meaning a cup
- Jewellery that signifies a religious affiliation or
commitment - for example, a crucifix-shaped pendant worn on a
- A substance that resembles liquid plastic that hardens when
treated and is used to make unique, colourful collectible figurines.
- Rhodium is closely related to the palladium and platinum
family. A white precious metal - applied to the surface of jewellery
to give a lustrous white finish.
- The formal method of determining what size ring will fit the
wearer's finger. The ring sizing chart in the UK is alphabetical; in
the US and Europe, sizes are numerical.
- Circular bands which may be made from a precious metal and
can be worn on one finger or several fingers by both women and men.
- The process by which a thin layer of gold is applied to a
base metal, heated together and then rolled into a thin sheet to make
- Rose gold is made when copper is alloyed with yellow gold so
that a delightful rosy red tint appears in the finished gold. Called
rose, red or pink gold this is a popular and fashionable gold colour.
- A precious stone identified by its iconic deep red colour to
pale pinks. Rubies belong to the corundum family of gemstones and are
harder than all other gems except diamonds.
- A martyr venerated by Roman Catholics and Orthodox
Christians, whose image is commonly worn on pendants and medallions.
- A precious gemstone commonly known for its distinctive shades
of blue colour but can be seen in shades of yellows, oranges and
green. Belongs to the corundum family of gems and is popular in both
everyday jewellery and engagement rings.
- A watch with a flexible, metallic bracelet strap that is set
with semi-precious stones, either around the watch face or along the
- A fine metal used in jewellery making with a white, lustrous
grey or silver colour.
- A circular ornament worn around the wrist and composed of a
silver link chain or a smooth band of silver.
- Jewellery composed where a thin layer of silver applied to
the surface through the process of electroplating.
- A metal chain made up of small, linked cups.
- Solar power is the use of sunlight to charge power cells and
batteries, used in watches and electrical goods.
- A ring set with a sole eye-catching stone, commonly a
- A ring set with a single diamond, traditionally worn by a
woman to mark a proposal and signify lasting love and commitment.
- A steel alloy that does not corrode or rust like ordinary
steel, making it ideal for the production of long-lasting jewellery.
- Sterling silver is the name of the purity of silver usually
used in jewellery and silverware. Sterling silver is an alloy 92.5%
silver. Sterling silver is slightly harder than pure silver.
- A gem or ornately shaped metal attached to the end of a bar
and fastened to the back of the ear, which sits on the earlobe rather
than dangling below it.
- This is the most expensive and durable, approximately 3 times
harder than mineral crystals and 20 times harder than acrylic
- Swarovski is the brand name for a range of cut crystal. To
create crystal glass that lets light refract in a rainbow spectrum,
Swarovski coats some of its products with special metallic chemical
- Swarovski's Pure Brilliance Cuts for Zirconia are truly cuts above the rest - the exact symmetry and proportions of the cuts maximize brilliance and make Swarovski Zirconia the finest and most diamond-like Zirconia available on the market. Each stone is crafted to meet the most stringent criteria of quality, size, shape and cut using the most sophisticated technology based on Swarovski's special cutting know-how.
Every single Pure Brilliance Zirconia is marked with a microscopic engraving that is completely invisible to the naked eye. The laser-engraved quality seal serves as your assurance that you are acquiring stones of highest precision and brilliance meeting the cutting standards of the high-quality diamond industry.
- A large drinking cup with a handle and sometimes a hinged
lid. Made from silver or pewter and can bear a personalised
- Jewellery made from a combination of yellow, white and rose
gold, usually but not always in equal proportion.
- Titanium is a lustrous white metal with a low density, great
strength and resistance to erosion often used in making men's
jewellery, such as rings and watches. Titanium has a light weight
- A hard gemstone that can be found in a range of colours,
including yellow, orange, blue and pink.
- Jewellery composed of a three-gemstone setting, usually three
diamonds. Trilogy settings are most common on rings but may also be
found on pendants and earrings.
- A hard, rare metal often used in jewellery-making as an
alternative to gold and platinum.
- Jewellery or watches that feature two different coloured
metals, i.e. yellow gold item where sections have been rhodium plated
to give the appearance of two colour gold.
- Jewellery made from two types of gold, for example yellow and
white gold or yellow and rose gold.
- Items, including jewellery and watches that are suitable to
be worn by men and women.
- Wallets are traditionally used by men, but more and more
women now use wallets rather than purses. Used to contain money, cash
and business cards and credit cards. Larger wallets can hold
- A time-piece that may have an analogue or digital clock face
and is commonly worn around the wrist, or sometimes carried inside
the pocket. Primarily used for telling the time watches can also
feature stop watches, tachymeter, calendars and moon phases.
- Water resistance is a measure of a watches ability to
withstand water damage. Usually measured in metres it can also be
measured in isobars and pressure.
- A metallic ring worn on the left hand ring finger that shows
the wearer is married. Wedding bands are often plain gold or silver
and may be jewelled.
- When a couple get married it is traditional for the wedding
guests to buy them gifts to celebrate their wedding. Sometimes the
happy couple will also buy gifts for their wedding party called
- A ring worn on the left hand ring finger by men and women as
a symbol of love and commitment to indicate their marital status. A
wedding ring symbolises the eternal nature of the wearers love.
- A ceremony to celebrate the marriage and union of two people,
often marked by the exchange of wedding rings.
- Very popular white metal which is made from pure gold and a
mix of metals to provide a whiter colour e.g. silver, nickel,
- Jewellery moulded to emulate the Y-shape wishbone found in
birds, and a popular mould for rings.
- Gold that has been alloyed (mixed) with other metals such as
silver and copper.
- A metal that is silvery in appearance and is a popular choice
in jewellery-making thanks to its durable and corrosion-resistant